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  • 现代医院医疗区域门的功能及设计门道
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2017-11-10
    门—做为各个功能区域的连接通道的入口,做为沟通医护人员和病患者的入口,它的功能性、装饰性以及合理性越来越成为设计人员和建设者们深切关注的课题。
    The door - entrance for the connection channel of each functional area, as the communication of health care staff and the patients in the entrance, functional, decorative and rationality is more and more become professional designers and builders of deep concern.
    同时,在满足功能性,装饰性以外,门的制造工艺,设计细节是否能体现医院对每一位患者和医护人员的照顾和关爱,是我们新时代对我们提出的更高要求。本文将对医院的医疗区域门的功能及设计门道进行探讨。
    At the same time, to meet the functional, decorative, manufacturing craft door, design details whether can reflect the hospital in every patient and medical staff's care and love, is a higher requirement of the new era we propose. This article will discuss the function and design doorway of medical ward gate in hospital.
    现代医院的建设宗旨是大限度地满足医疗工作的需要,建立以病人为中心的温馨、方便环境,使医疗环境与医疗功能相适应,开发空间资源,体现出医院的人文精神。
    The construction of modern hospital tenet is to maximize meet the needs of the medical work, establish a patient-centered warm and convenient environment, the medical environment and medical function to adapt to the development of space resources, embodies the humanistic spirit of the hospital.
    近年来,随着经济的发展,患者对医疗环境的要求不断提高。从进入医院的时刻起,患者和陪同求医的人员跟随院方所设计的就医流程,不停转换在各个功能空间之中。从门诊大厅到诊疗室,到检查区域,再到治疗区域,有的还要进入病房,特种设备区域等等。而我们的医护人员则工作生活在医院这一功能相对复杂,空间多变的环境中。
    In recent years, with the development of economy, the patient's demand for medical environment has been continuously improved. From the moment of entering the hospital, patients and accompanying medical staff follow the hospital designed medical process, constantly changing in each functional space. From the outpatient lobby to the treatment room, to the inspection area, and then to the treatment area, some will enter the ward, special equipment area and so on. And our medical staff work and live in the hospital, this function is relatively complex, the space is changing environment.
    一、医院常用门的功能要求及设计
    Functional requirements and design of common door in hospital
    1、诊疗室门
    1, medical treatment room door
    1、1功能需求:
    1, 1 functional requirements:
    医院的诊疗室可以说是所有的患者和医护人员发生直接联系的重要的空间。医院的诊疗区也是人群为密集,环境复杂的区域。诊疗室的人群流向设计和医护人员的出入通道设置尤为重要。
    The hospital's diagnosis and treatment room is the most important space for the direct connection between all the patients and the medical staff. The diagnosis and treatment area of the hospital is also the most densely populated, the most complex environment. It is very important to design the flow direction and the passageway for medical staff.
    而诊疗室的门除了基本功能需求,如坚固耐用、开启关闭灵活、抗菌易清洁等外,在目前的新形势下,患者日益增多,从候诊转换到诊疗室,有了新的功能需求。
    The treatment room door in addition to the basic functional requirements, such as durable, flexible, open and close the antibacterial and easy cleaning and so on, in the new situation, more and more patients from the waiting, converted to surgery, a new functional requirements.
    们经常见到的场景是,在诊疗室里,除了被叫到号的患者外,常常聚集着候诊或者临时找医生有各种问题的患者,安静私密的门诊环境和秩序荡然无存。医生和患者面对这样的情况难免焦虑。因此,我们认为诊疗室的门好增加由医生控制的门禁系统。
    We often see the scene, in the clinic, but called to the number of patients, often gathered in the waiting for the doctor or temporary problems were all gone quiet private outpatient environment and order. Doctors and patients face this kind of situation inevitably anxious. Therefore, we think it is better to increase the access control system controlled by the doctor.
    1、2强度要求:
    1 and 2 strength requirements:
    诊疗室门是所有门的类型中,对耐用次数要求高的部分。除了对门框门体的结构有严格的耐用要求外,门框和墙体的连接方式,以及所有的五金配置都要求高的耐用次数。
    Diagnosis and treatment room door is the type of door, the highest number of times required for durability. In addition to the strict durability requirements of the door frame structure, the connection ways of the doorframe and the wall, and all the hardware configurations require the highest durability.
    在使用频率高的某些医院科室,每年的门扇开启关闭频率超过10万次,而国标对合页的耐用标准仅为30万次。因此我们在选择合页门锁时,应该对其耐用次数做高标准的要求,如门锁用1级标准>200万次。
    In some hospitals with high frequency, the frequency of door opening and closing is more than 100 thousand times per year, while the national standard for hinges is only 300 thousand times. Therefore, when we choose the hinge door lock, we should make the highest standard of its durability, such as locks with 1 level standard >200 million times.
    手术室装修
    1、3设计要求:
    1 and 3 design requirements:
    内开门或者平移门,门宽>900mm,高度>2200mm,门厚40-50mm。隔音系数>36dB。保温隔热和密闭性能:符合节能要求。可选择平开门或平移门。开门方向:内开。
    Door opening or translation door, door width >900mm, height >2200mm, door thickness 40-50mm. Sound insulation coefficient >36dB. Heat insulation and sealing performance: accord with energy saving requirement. Can choose flat door or translation door. Door opening: inside opening.
    平开门五金配置:抗菌执手门锁、合页、门吸、闭门器。五金开闭次数200万次。平移门五金配置:自动或半自动复位滑轨、门锁、抗菌拉手。五金开闭次数300万次。门扇上玻璃视窗:需要
    Hardware configuration: antibacterial door handle lock, hinge, door closer. Hardware opening and closing times 2 million times. Translation door hardware configuration: automatic or semi-automatic reset slide rail, door lock, antibacterial handle. Hardware opening and closing times 3 million times. Glass window on door: need
    1、4 门禁系统:
    1 、 4 access control system:
    由医生控制的有线或无线门禁。
    Wired or wireless access control controlled by a doctor.
    1、5 特殊诊疗室门设计要求:
    Design requirements of special diagnosis and treatment room door for 1 and 5:
    儿科诊室:针对儿童患者需考虑到增加视窗,并且视窗高度尽可能低,便于开关门的时候能观察到并避免撞到儿童。门扇铰链侧和门锁侧需有防夹手功能。金属锁舌会对儿童造成剐蹭伤害,尽可能使用天地销门锁。
    Pediatric consulting room: in view of children patients need to consider adding windows, and window height is as low as possible, easy to switch door can observe and avoid hitting children. Anti pinch hand function is needed at the hinge side and the door side of the door. Metal lock tongue rub will cause harm to the child, as far as possible the use of ground pin lock.
    2、病房门
    2. Ward door
    2、1功能需求:
    2, 1 functional requirements:
    方便医护人员,病床推车,以及行动不便的病人出入。
    It is convenient for medical and nursing personnel, sickbed carts, and patients who are not easy to move in and out.
    2、2强度要求:
    2 and 2 strength requirements:
    铰链或轨道开启关闭耐久次数>200万次。
    The durability of hinge or track opening and closing is >200 million times.
    2、3设计要求:
    2 and 3 design requirements:
    内开的平开门或子母门。门净宽>1300mm。有安装条件的,比如空间尺寸满足要求的,建议设置为带自动复位功能的机械是平移门。这种门的优点是除了满足普通人员的出入外,对坐轮椅推车的进出可以做到无障碍出入。隔音系数>36dB。保温隔热和密闭性能:符合节能要求。
    Door or door with inner opening. The door is >1300mm. There are installation conditions, such as space size to meet the requirements, it is recommended to set up with automatic reset function of the machine is the translation door. The advantages of this door is in addition to meet the general staff in and out, a person in a wheelchair cart can achieve barrier free access to import. Sound insulation coefficient >36dB. Heat insulation and sealing performance: accord with energy saving requirement.
    3、病房内卫生间门
    3. Bathroom door in ward
    3、1功能需求:
    3, 1 functional requirements:
    除了基本要求通风、防潮外,需考虑使用中的以下场景:方便行动不便的患者进出,当患者在卫生间内发生紧急情况时,应急人员能够从外面打开反锁的卫生间门。
    In addition to the basic requirements of ventilation, moisture, needs to consider the following scene in use: import and convenient for disabled patients, when patients in an emergency in the bathroom, emergency personnel can open locked from the outside of the bathroom door.
    3、2强度要求:
    3 and 2 strength requirements:
    无论平开或移门,五金开闭次数300万次。
    Whether open or closed doors, hardware 3 million times.
    3、3设计要求:
    3 and 3 design requirements:
    平开或移门,当空间狭小是可考虑折叠门或二联式移门。门上应设置通风百叶。门净宽>90mm(便于轮椅进入)。平开门五金配置:抗菌执手门锁、合页、门吸、闭门器。平移门五金配置:自动或半自动复位滑轨、门锁、抗菌拉手。当门反锁时,需要无钥匙进入的应急解决方案。
    When the door open or flat, narrow space is considered a folding door or two door type. Ventilation louver shall be installed on the door. The door is >90mm (for wheelchair access). Hardware configuration: antibacterial door handle lock, hinge, door closer. Translation door hardware configuration: automatic or semi-automatic reset slide rail, door lock, antibacterial handle. When the door is locked, need emergency solution keyless entry.
    以上文章来源于手术室装修要求http://www.moptuan.com/

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