The door - entrance for the connection channel of each functional area, as the communication of health care staff and the patients in the entrance, functional, decorative and rationality is more and more become professional designers and builders of deep concern.
At the same time, to meet the functional, decorative, manufacturing craft door, design details whether can reflect the hospital in every patient and medical staff's care and love, is a higher requirement of the new era we propose. This article will discuss the function and design doorway of medical ward gate in hospital.
The construction of modern hospital tenet is to maximize meet the needs of the medical work, establish a patient-centered warm and convenient environment, the medical environment and medical function to adapt to the development of space resources, embodies the humanistic spirit of the hospital.
In recent years, with the development of economy, the patient's demand for medical environment has been continuously improved. From the moment of entering the hospital, patients and accompanying medical staff follow the hospital designed medical process, constantly changing in each functional space. From the outpatient lobby to the treatment room, to the inspection area, and then to the treatment area, some will enter the ward, special equipment area and so on. And our medical staff work and live in the hospital, this function is relatively complex, the space is changing environment.
Functional requirements and design of common door in hospital
1, medical treatment room door
1, 1 functional requirements:
The hospital's diagnosis and treatment room is the most important space for the direct connection between all the patients and the medical staff. The diagnosis and treatment area of the hospital is also the most densely populated, the most complex environment. It is very important to design the flow direction and the passageway for medical staff.
The treatment room door in addition to the basic functional requirements, such as durable, flexible, open and close the antibacterial and easy cleaning and so on, in the new situation, more and more patients from the waiting, converted to surgery, a new functional requirements.
We often see the scene, in the clinic, but called to the number of patients, often gathered in the waiting for the doctor or temporary problems were all gone quiet private outpatient environment and order. Doctors and patients face this kind of situation inevitably anxious. Therefore, we think it is better to increase the access control system controlled by the doctor.
1 and 2 strength requirements:
Diagnosis and treatment room door is the type of door, the highest number of times required for durability. In addition to the strict durability requirements of the door frame structure, the connection ways of the doorframe and the wall, and all the hardware configurations require the highest durability.
In some hospitals with high frequency, the frequency of door opening and closing is more than 100 thousand times per year, while the national standard for hinges is only 300 thousand times. Therefore, when we choose the hinge door lock, we should make the highest standard of its durability, such as locks with 1 level standard >200 million times.
1 and 3 design requirements:
Door opening or translation door, door width >900mm, height >2200mm, door thickness 40-50mm. Sound insulation coefficient >36dB. Heat insulation and sealing performance: accord with energy saving requirement. Can choose flat door or translation door. Door opening: inside opening.
Hardware configuration: antibacterial door handle lock, hinge, door closer. Hardware opening and closing times 2 million times. Translation door hardware configuration: automatic or semi-automatic reset slide rail, door lock, antibacterial handle. Hardware opening and closing times 3 million times. Glass window on door: need
1 、 4 access control system:
Wired or wireless access control controlled by a doctor.
Design requirements of special diagnosis and treatment room door for 1 and 5:
Pediatric consulting room: in view of children patients need to consider adding windows, and window height is as low as possible, easy to switch door can observe and avoid hitting children. Anti pinch hand function is needed at the hinge side and the door side of the door. Metal lock tongue rub will cause harm to the child, as far as possible the use of ground pin lock.
2. Ward door
2, 1 functional requirements:
It is convenient for medical and nursing personnel, sickbed carts, and patients who are not easy to move in and out.
2 and 2 strength requirements:
The durability of hinge or track opening and closing is >200 million times.
2 and 3 design requirements:
Door or door with inner opening. The door is >1300mm. There are installation conditions, such as space size to meet the requirements, it is recommended to set up with automatic reset function of the machine is the translation door. The advantages of this door is in addition to meet the general staff in and out, a person in a wheelchair cart can achieve barrier free access to import. Sound insulation coefficient >36dB. Heat insulation and sealing performance: accord with energy saving requirement.
3. Bathroom door in ward
3, 1 functional requirements:
In addition to the basic requirements of ventilation, moisture, needs to consider the following scene in use: import and convenient for disabled patients, when patients in an emergency in the bathroom, emergency personnel can open locked from the outside of the bathroom door.
3 and 2 strength requirements:
Whether open or closed doors, hardware 3 million times.
3 and 3 design requirements:
When the door open or flat, narrow space is considered a folding door or two door type. Ventilation louver shall be installed on the door. The door is >90mm (for wheelchair access). Hardware configuration: antibacterial door handle lock, hinge, door closer. Translation door hardware configuration: automatic or semi-automatic reset slide rail, door lock, antibacterial handle. When the door is locked, need emergency solution keyless entry.