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  • 微生物实验室的装修等级
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2017-07-19
    生物实验室整体解决方案,根据实验室的安全要求和使用要求,要不同于一般的实验室工程或净化工程。主要应用于微生物学、生物医学、生物化学、动物实验、基因重组以及生物制品等研究使用的实验室统称生物安全实验室。生物安全实验室由主功能实验室与其他实验室及辅助功能用房组成。生物安全实验室必须保证人身安全、环境安全、废弃物安全和样本安全,能长期而安全地运行,同时还为需要实验室工作人员提供一个舒适、而良好的工作环境。
    The bio lab's overall solution is different from general laboratory engineering or purification engineering in accordance with laboratory safety requirements and use requirements. Laboratories that are mainly used in microbiology, biomedicine, biochemistry, animal testing, gene recombination, and biological products are collectively referred to as biosafety laboratories. The biosafety laboratory consists of the main function laboratory and other laboratories and auxiliary functions. Bio safety laboratory must ensure personal safety, environmental safety, security and safety of waste samples, can run for a long time and safely, while also providing a comfortable, and a good working environment for the needs of the laboratory staff.
    一般生物安全防护实验室(不使用实验脊椎动物和昆虫)。
    General biosafety Protection Laboratory (experimental invertebrates and insects are not used).
    实验脊椎动物生物安全防护实验室。
    Laboratory vertebrate biological safety protection laboratory.
    分级
    Classification
    每类生物安全防护实验室根据所处理的微生物及其毒素的危害程度各分为四级。各级实验室的生物安全防护要求依次为:一级低,四级高。
    Each type of biosafety laboratory is divided into four grades according to the degree of damage to the microorganisms and their toxins being treated. Biosafety requirements of laboratories at all levels are as follows: one level minimum and four highest.
    适用范围
    Scope of application
    一般生物安全防护实验室
    手术室装修
    General biosafety laboratory
    一级生物安全防护实验室
    First level biosafety Protection Laboratory
    实验室结构和设施、安全操作规程、安全设备适用于对健康成年人已知无致病作用的微生物,如用于教学的普通微生物实验室等。
    Laboratory structures and facilities, safe operating procedures, and safety equipment are applicable to microorganisms known to health adults, such as ordinary microbiological laboratories for teaching.
    二级生物安全防护实验室
    Two level biosafety laboratory
    实验室结构和设施、安全操作规程、安全设备适用于对人或环境具有中等潜在危害的微生物。
    Laboratory structures and facilities, safety procedures and safety devices are applicable to microorganisms with moderate potential hazards to humans or the environment.
    三级生物安全防护实验室
    Three level biosafety laboratory
    实验室结构和设施、安全操作规程、安全设备适用于主要通过呼吸途径使人传染上严重的甚至是致死疾病的致病微生物及其毒素,通常已有预防传染的疫苗。
    The structure and laboratory facilities, safety procedures, safety equipment is applied mainly through respiratory pathway to people infected with severe or fatal disease of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins, usually for prevention of infectious vaccine.
    艾滋病病毒的研究(血清学实验除外)应在三级生物安全防护实验室中进行。
    HIV research (except for serological tests) should be conducted at the three level biosafety laboratory.

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