Hospitals are understood by all, and they are the Centers for curing diseases and saving people. The hospital operating room is an important center for people to operate on. Today, many operating rooms are clean operating rooms, which is to prevent infection of patients'wounds, leading to the failure of the operation. But sometimes the clean operating room will still be infected, which requires care and must be dealt with. What factors will make the clean operating room infected?
1. Operating room design clean operating room requests to stop scientific design and planning for operation in different departments, such as anorectal surgery, gynecology and obstetrics and general surgery, using 10000-level clean operating room for brain surgery, orthopaedics and urology surgery, while for joint replacement, extracerebral, cardiac surgery and ophthalmology, 100-level standard clean operating room is required. Class I special clean operating room.
2. Medical personnel are the important performers of the operation, and they will be exposed to risky incisions and other parts. Therefore, medical personnel should stop standard surgical brushing and sterile technical operations to avoid nosocomial infection caused by pathogenic bacteria in medical personnel or operating room environment. Howard et al. summarized several important criteria for optimizing environmental risk factors in clean operating rooms to reduce the incidence of infection during plastic surgery.
3. Patients with diabetes mellitus or infection have complications such as diabetes mellitus or infection focus, and the surgical site near the infection focus or bacteria will spread through blood circulation or lymphatic circulation in the body. At the same time, the instruments used by the operator may be contaminated by bacteria. If not changed in time, infection will occur. Lipp and others have made some achievements in reducing the probability of surgical site infection by using microbial sealants.
4. Air quality management in air-polluted operating room is a dynamic process. In addition to stopping cleaning the operating room thoroughly regularly, before and after the operation, it should be cleaned and taken care of in time, and the value of planktonic bacteria should be measured. According to WHO reports, the infection rate of air-polluted operating room will increase significantly if it reaches 1000-1800 cfu/m.
These elements will make the clean operating room present the infection situation, we must pay attention to, after all, the operating room can not be infected, light surgery failure, heavy will also let the patient's life be threatened. Above is the laminar flow operating room decoration for you to sort out the relevant content, I hope to help you.