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  • 哪些要素会让洁净手术室呈现感染的状况
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2019-06-20
      医院大家都是理解的,是治病救人的中央。而医院手术室就是一个很重要的中央,给人做手术。如今手术室很多都是洁净手术室,这是为了防止让患者伤口感染,招致手术失败。不过有时分洁净手术室还是会感染,这就需求当心,必需要处置。那哪些要素会让洁净手术室呈现感染的状况?
      Hospitals are understood by all, and they are the Centers for curing diseases and saving people. The hospital operating room is an important center for people to operate on. Today, many operating rooms are clean operating rooms, which is to prevent infection of patients'wounds, leading to the failure of the operation. But sometimes the clean operating room will still be infected, which requires care and must be dealt with. What factors will make the clean operating room infected?
      1.手术室设计 洁净手术室请求针对不同科室手术停止科学设计和规划,如肛肠外科、妇产科及普通外科手术普通采用万级洁净手术室,而对脑外科、骨外科及泌尿外科等手术采用千级规范洁净手术室,而针对关节置换术、脑外、心脏外科和眼科等手术则需求采用百级特别洁净手术室。
    层流手术室装修
      1. Operating room design clean operating room requests to stop scientific design and planning for operation in different departments, such as anorectal surgery, gynecology and obstetrics and general surgery, using 10000-level clean operating room for brain surgery, orthopaedics and urology surgery, while for joint replacement, extracerebral, cardiac surgery and ophthalmology, 100-level standard clean operating room is required. Class I special clean operating room.
      2.医护人员 医护人员是手术的重要施行者,会接触到风险的切口等部位,所以医护人员应停止标准的外科刷手和无菌技术操作,避免由于医护人员或手术室环境内的致病菌形成的院内感染。Howard等为优化洁净手术室环境风险要素总结了几个重要的准绳来减少整形外科术中感染的发作率。
      2. Medical personnel are the important performers of the operation, and they will be exposed to risky incisions and other parts. Therefore, medical personnel should stop standard surgical brushing and sterile technical operations to avoid nosocomial infection caused by pathogenic bacteria in medical personnel or operating room environment. Howard et al. summarized several important criteria for optimizing environmental risk factors in clean operating rooms to reduce the incidence of infection during plastic surgery.
      3.手术患者 患者自身存在糖尿病或感染灶等并发症,且手术部位临近感染灶部位或细菌会经过血液循环或淋巴循环在体内扩散,同时,术者所用的器械可能带有细菌污染,如未及时改换,会形成感染。Lipp等研讨应用微生物密封剂减少手术部位感染的概率,获得了一定成果。
      3. Patients with diabetes mellitus or infection have complications such as diabetes mellitus or infection focus, and the surgical site near the infection focus or bacteria will spread through blood circulation or lymphatic circulation in the body. At the same time, the instruments used by the operator may be contaminated by bacteria. If not changed in time, infection will occur. Lipp and others have made some achievements in reducing the probability of surgical site infection by using microbial sealants.
      4.空气污染 手术室的空气质量管理是一个动态过程,除定期停止手术室彻底清洁外,手术前后也应及时清洁颐养并测定浮游菌值,据WHO报道空气中浮游菌假如到达1000~1800cfu/m时术后感染率会显著增高。
      4. Air quality management in air-polluted operating room is a dynamic process. In addition to stopping cleaning the operating room thoroughly regularly, before and after the operation, it should be cleaned and taken care of in time, and the value of planktonic bacteria should be measured. According to WHO reports, the infection rate of air-polluted operating room will increase significantly if it reaches 1000-1800 cfu/m.
      这些要素都会让洁净手术室呈现感染的状况,大家一定要留意,毕竟手术室是不能被感染的,轻则手术失败,重则还会让患者的生命遭到要挟。以上就是层流手术室装修为大家整理的相关内容,希望能帮到大家。
      These elements will make the clean operating room present the infection situation, we must pay attention to, after all, the operating room can not be infected, light surgery failure, heavy will also let the patient's life be threatened. Above is the laminar flow operating room decoration for you to sort out the relevant content, I hope to help you.

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