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  • ICU装修时的基本布局及特点
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2017-06-28
    1. ICU的设置
    1. ICU settings
    ICU的建立是多种多样的,各种ICU的建设是结合各个医院的楼宇结构而设置,因为ICU病房往往和其他科室、病房相邻,因此在建筑设计时需要综合考虑, 有的以护士站为中心,其周围一圈为监护室;有的以护士站为中心,对面是扇形排列监护病床。
    The establishment of ICU is varied, the construction of various ICU is building structure with each hospital setting, because the ICU ward and other departments, often ward adjacent, so considering the need in the architectural design, some in the nursing station is the center of the circle for the ICU; some in the nursing station as the center, the opposite is the fan care beds.
    2. 层流设备
    2. laminar flow equipment
    ICU的防污染要求比较高,因为在ICU中,各种继发性疾病常引起呼吸衰竭,病人须紧急气管切开、紧急开胸等手术,也包括正常术后病人的复苏,因此,在现 代ICU病房设计时要考虑使用层流净化设施,减少感染机率。ICU内温度应维持在24±1.5℃;老年患者病房温度在25.5℃左右。
    Anti pollution requirements of ICU is relatively high, because in ICU, various secondary diseases often cause respiratory failure, the patient must emergency tracheotomy and emergency thoracotomy surgery, including the patient's normal postoperative recovery, therefore, in the modern design of the ICU ward to consider when using the laminar flow purification facilities, reduce the risk of infection. The temperature in ICU should be maintained at 24 + 1.5; the temperature of the elderly patients in the ward is about 25.5.
    3. 消毒设备
    3. disinfection equipment
    每个ICU单元的小手术室、配药间、清洗间配有反照式悬挂紫外线灯,定时进行消毒,另配一台紫外线消毒车,对无人空间定期进行消毒。
    重症监护室装修
    The outpatient operation room, dispensing room, and cleaning room of each ICU unit are equipped with reflective suspension ultraviolet lamp, disinfected regularly, and equipped with an ultraviolet disinfection vehicle to disinfect the unmanned space regularly.
    4. 电源
    4. power
    ICU内使用电气、电子设备较集中,因此,重症监护室工作流程,在ICU设计中,要保证足够的电力供应,配有双路和应急电源,重要设备应配有不间断电源(UPS)。
    The use of electrical and electronic equipment is centralized, ICU therefore, working process of the ICU, in the ICU design, to ensure an adequate supply of electricity, equipped with dual and emergency power supply, important equipment should be equipped with an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
    5.气体
    5. gas
    ICU内应设有多种气体管道,使用中心供应氧气、中心供应空气、中心抽吸真空。特别是中心供氧,可以保证ICU病人连续性大量吸氧,免去频繁更换氧气瓶及防止氧气瓶可能带进ICU内的污染。
    ICU should be equipped with a variety of gas pipelines, the use of central oxygen supply, the central supply of air, the central suction vacuum. In particular, the central oxygen supply can guarantee the continuity of ICU patients, a large number of oxygen inhalation, eliminating frequent replacement of oxygen bottles and prevent oxygen bottles may bring into the ICU pollution.

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