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  • 手术室装修净化设计
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-08-22
    (1)墙面和天花板选用可隔音、坚实、润滑、无空隙、放火、防湿、易清洁的资料。色彩选用淡蓝、嫩绿为宜。观片灯及药品柜、操作台等应设在墙内。墙面与平顶,墙面与地上及不同的墙面与墙面相交处的阴(阳)角,宜做成小圆角构造(R≧50mm),以防止积尘,便利打扫。
    (1) Walls and ceilings can be sound-proof, solid, lubricating, no space, fire, moisture-proof, easy to clean materials. The color should be light blue and tender green. The viewing lamp and the medicine cabinet, the operation table and so on should be located in the wall. Wall and flat roof, wall and ground and different wall and wall intersection of Yin (Yang) angle, suitable for small rounded corner structure (R < 50mm), to prevent dust, easy to clean.
    (2)门应宽大、无门槛,净宽不宜小于1.4m,便于平车出进,应防止运用易摇摆的弹簧门,以防气流使尘土及细菌飞扬。宜选用设有主动延时关闭设备的电动悬挂式主动感应门。窗应双层,好用铝合金窗框,有利防尘保温。窗玻璃以茶色为宜。
    (2) The door should be wide, without a threshold, and the net width should not be less than 1.4m, so as to facilitate flat cars to go in and out. The use of swinging spring doors should be prevented to prevent airflow from flying dust and bacteria. Electric suspension type active sensing doors with active delay locking devices should be selected. The window should be double-layer, preferably with aluminum alloy window frame, which is advantageous for dust-proof and thermal insulation. The window glass is suitable for tea.
    (3)洁净手术室的净高宜为2.8-3m,走廊宽度应不少于2.5m,便于平车工作及防止交游人员磕碰。
    (3) The net height of clean operating room should be 2.8-3 m, and the width of corridor should be no less than 2.5 m, so as to facilitate flat car work and prevent people from bumping.
    (4)地应选用坚固、润滑易冲刷的资料缔造。地上稍歪斜向一角,低处设地漏,利于排出污水,排水孔加盖,以免污染空气进入室内或被异物阻塞。应做到平坦、润滑、耐磨、耐腐蚀(酸、碱、药)、易清洁,可选用橡胶、聚氨酯涂料、树脂类板材等,少接缝,可防止污物及细菌的堆积,耐污易洁,脚感舒适,斑纹款式多样,设备及替换简洁。
    (4) the site should be made of solid, lubricating and washable materials. The ground slightly inclined to a corner, low leakage, conducive to the discharge of sewage, drainage holes covered, so as not to pollute the air into the room or be blocked by foreign bodies. Should be flat, lubricating, wear-resistant, corrosion-resistant (acid, alkali, medicine), easy to clean, can choose rubber, polyurethane paint, resin board, etc., less seam, can prevent the accumulation of dirt and bacteria, dirt-resistant and easy to clean, feet feel comfortable, a variety of patterns, simple equipment and replacement.
    手术时装修
    (5)电源:应有双相供电设备,以确保安全工作。各手术间应有满足的电插座,便于各种仪器设备的供电。插座应有防火花设备,手术间地上有导电设备,以防火花引起爆破。电插座应加盖密封,防止进水,防止电路发生毛病影响手术。总电源线会集设在墙内,中心招引及氧气管道设备都应设在墙内。
    (5) power supply: dual phase power supply equipment should be provided to ensure safety. Each operating room should have a satisfactory electrical outlet to facilitate the supply of various instruments and equipment. The socket should be equipped with fireproof equipment, and there are conductive devices on the floor to prevent blasting. Electric socket should be sealed to prevent water entry and prevent circuit malfunction from affecting operation. The main power cord will be set up in the wall, and the central attraction and oxygen pipeline equipment should be located in the wall.
    (6)照明设备:一般照明灯应设备在墙面或房顶。手术照明灯应设备子母无影灯,并备用升降照明灯。本院系骨科特色专科医院,手术室现现在除骨科手术,还展开部分普外科手术、肛肠科手术,按照手术照明要求,术野光照亮度至少是100000lx以上,才干看清楚深腔安排的细微部分。ICU病房都是在全封闭或半封闭式室内,窗户常常拉上窗帘,使得室内照明变得尤为重要,重症患者躺在这样的环境里,很难分清楚白日或许黑夜,就需要运用模仿太阳光的每天日照进程,光照和色彩会不断变换,让患者经过对光照的感应而主动调理人体的昼夜节律,辅佐患者康复。
    (6) lighting equipment: general lighting should be installed on walls or roofs. The operating lamp should be equipped with the shadowless lamp and the spare lifting lamp. Our Department orthopedics characteristic specialized hospital, the operating room now in addition to orthopedics surgery, but also part of the general surgery, anorectal surgery, according to the operation lighting requirements, the operation field illumination brightness is at least 100,000 lx, can see clearly the details of the deep cavity arrangement. ICU wards are closed or semi-closed indoors, windows often draw curtains, making indoor lighting particularly important, severe patients lying in such an environment, it is difficult to distinguish between day and night, it is necessary to use imitation of the daily sunlight process, light and color will constantly change, so that patients through the right. Light induction and active regulation of the circadian rhythm of the body, assist patients in rehabilitation.
    (7)水源和防火设备:各工作间应设备自来水龙头,便于冲刷。走廊及辅佐间应设备灭火器,确保安全。冷热水及高压蒸气应有充沛确保。
    (7) water source and fire protection equipment: all workshops should be equipped with water faucets to facilitate erosion. Fire extinguishers should be installed between corridors and assistants to ensure safety. Cold and hot water and high pressure steam should be fully ensured.
    (8)通风过滤除菌设备:现代手术室应建立完善的通风过滤除菌设备,使空气净化。其通风方法有湍流式、层流式、笔直式,可酌情选用。
    (8) Ventilation filtration sterilization equipment: Modern operating room should establish a sound ventilation filtration sterilization equipment, so that air purification. Its ventilation methods are turbulent, laminar and straight, and can be selected as appropriate.
    (9)手术室收支道路布局:收支道路的布局设计需契合功能流程与洁污分区要求,应设三条收支道路,一为工作人员收支道路,二为伤患者收支道路,三为器械敷料等循环供应道路,尽量做到阻隔,防止交叉感染。
    (9) Distribution of revenue and expenditure roads in operating rooms: The layout of revenue and expenditure roads should meet the requirements of functional processes and cleaning zones. There should be three revenue and expenditure roads, one is staff revenue and expenditure road, the other is wounded patients revenue and expenditure road, the third is equipment dressing and other circular supply roads, so as to obstruct as far as possible and prevent cross infection.
    手术间的温度调理非常重要,应有冷暖气调理设备。空调机应设在上层房顶内,室温保持在24~26℃,相对湿度以50%左右为宜。一般手术间为35~45m2,特殊房间约60m2,适用于体外循环手术、器官移植手术等;小手术间面积在20~30m2。
    The temperature conditioning in the operating room is very important. There should be a conditioning device for heating and cooling. The air conditioner should be located in the upper roof. The room temperature should be kept at 24~26 C, and the relative humidity should be about 50%. The General operating room is 35-45 m2, the special room is about 60 m2, suitable for cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, organ transplantation, etc. The small operating room area is 20-30 m2.
    (本文的精彩内容来自:山东净之源净化工程有限公司,更多的详细内容请点击手术室装修官方网站:谢谢您的到来 http://www.moptuan.com)
    (The highlight of this article comes from: Shandong Jingzhiyuan Purification Engineering Co., Ltd. For more details, please click the operating room decoration website: Thank you for coming to http://www.moptuan.com)

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