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  • 医院实验室装修有哪些要求
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-07-31
    1.医院检验科实验室设计规划要点
    Key points for design and planning of Laboratory Laboratory of 1. hospital
    一、临床检验室应设于近检验科入口处;为门诊服务的临床检验,应有标本采取室和等候处。
    1. The clinical laboratory shall be located near the entrance of the laboratory, and the clinical laboratory serving the outpatient clinic shall be provided with the specimen taking room and the waiting place.
    二、生化检验室应设通风柜、仪器室(柜)、药口室(柜)、防振天平台;并应有贮藏贵重药物和剧毒药品的设施。
    2. The biochemical laboratory shall be equipped with a fume hood, an instrument room (cabinet), a medicine inlet room (cabinet) and an anti-vibration platform, and shall have facilities for storing precious drugs and highly toxic drugs.
    三、细菌检验室应设于检验科的尽端。设无菌接种室时,应有前室;如设培养基室,操作台应右侧采光;接种室与细菌检验室、培养基室之间应设传递窗。

    Three. Bacteriological laboratory should be at the end of the laboratory. When setting up aseptic inoculation room, there should be anterior chamber; if setting up culture medium room, the operating table should be light on the right side; between inoculation room and bacterial laboratory, culture medium room should be set up transmission window.
    四、检验室应设洗涤设施,细菌检验应设专用洗涤设施;每一间检验室至少应装有一个非手动开关的洗涤池。
    4. Laboratories shall have washing facilities and special washing facilities for bacterial inspection; each laboratory shall have at least one non-manual switching washing tank.
    2.血库
    2. blood bank
    一、宜临近手术部,并不得与产生放射线的用房贴邻。
    1. It is advisable to approach the surgical department and not to be attached to the room where radiation is produced.
    二、由贮血、配血、清洗、消毒等室组成;规模较大者贮血与配血室宜分室,与走道之间应设前室。设于检验科的血库应有适当的卫生隔离。
    2. It is composed of blood storage, matching, cleaning and disinfection rooms, etc. The large-scale blood storage and matching room should be divided into rooms, and a front room should be set up between the corridor. The blood bank in the laboratory should be properly hygienic.
    三、有自采血的血库,应增设献血室、灌液室、血细胞分离室,以及献血员休息室,并应自成一区。
    3. A blood bank with self-collected blood shall be provided with a blood donation room, a perfusion room, a blood cell separation room and a blood donors'lounge, and shall have its own area.
    3.室内布置
    3. indoor layout
    静脉药物配置中心装修为方便工作和仪器维修,在大型实验室中,采取房屋中间摆设大型和主要仪器设备的办法,这不仅便于仪器工作时散热、故障维修,而且便于清洁卫生。标本处理、分配、加样和一些不需要上机操作小实验,则在墙边工作台上进行。这样布置对工作人员流动和样本的转运也十分方便。小型实验室因空间受限,工作台一般设在墙边。
    The intravenous drug distribution center is decorated for convenient work and instrument maintenance. In large laboratories, large and main instruments are arranged in the middle of the house, which is not only convenient for heat dissipation and maintenance, but also easy to clean and sanitary. Sample processing, distribution, sample adding and some small experiments without machine operation are carried out on the wall workbench. This arrangement is also very convenient for the flow of workers and the transfer of samples. Because of the limited space, the small workbench is usually located on the wall.
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