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  • 手术室装饰要留意的事项你知道多少
    来源:http://www.moptuan.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-09-21
    手术室装饰要留意的事项你知道多少
    How much do you know about matters needing attention in operation room decoration?
    1.地上装饰
    1. floor decoration
    因为一般送风体系的回风口多坐落房间下部,再加上医护人员在地板上的走动和各种设备的移动,所以导致地上的污染度比墙和吊顶要高得多,很多尘粒由地上发生故引起安徽人和环境注重。
    Because the return air outlets of the general air supply system are mostly located in the lower part of the room, coupled with the movement of medical personnel on the floor and various equipment, so the ground pollution is much higher than the wall and ceiling, a lot of dust particles from the ground caused Anhui people and the environment attention.
    地上资料要求平坦、耐磨、防滑、耐腐蚀(酸、碱、药)、易清洗、不起尘及不开裂装饰资料,国内常选用现浇水磨石,取其润滑、耐磨、不起尘、防静电、易清洗之长,但不宜选用过氧乙酸稀释液洗消,不然会与碱性的水泥起反应导致麻面,水磨石宜用425号或以上水泥,石子粒径5~15mm,以防止开裂、掉石子、起砂,瓷砖、马赛克(陶瓷锦砖)等接缝较显着的资料在某些低级别的洁净手术室中也有使用,但一般不引荐。
    Ground data require flat, wear-resistant, anti-skid, corrosion (acid, alkali, medicine), easy to clean, dust-free and non-cracking decorative materials, domestic often choose cast-in-situ terrazzo, take its lubrication, wear-resistant, dust-free, anti-static, easy to clean, but should not choose peracetic acid diluent wash away, otherwise it will be with alkaline cement Reaction causes hemp surface, terrazzo should use 425 or more cement, stone particle size 5 ~ 15mm, to prevent cracking, peeling, sand, tile, mosaic (ceramic brocade brick) and other seams more significant data in some low-grade clean operating room also used, but generally not recommended.
    较高级的地上装饰可选用橡胶、聚胺脂涂料、树脂类板材等,如在欧美、日本的许多医疗手术环境中,都选用了弹性塑胶卷材作地上资料。它显著的长处,就是少接缝(一般选用热熔焊接进行卷材间的衔接,焊条由与卷材相同的塑胶资料制成),可防止污物及细菌的堆积,别的,它还具有耐污易洁、脚感舒适、斑纹样式多样、装置及替换简便等水磨石无法比拟的长处。
    More advanced floor decoration can choose rubber, polyurethane coating, resin board, such as in Europe and the United States, Japan, many medical and surgical environments, have chosen elastic plastic coil for ground data. Its most prominent advantage is that it has fewer seams (usually hot-melt welding is used to connect the coils, and the electrode is made of the same plastic material as the coil). It can prevent the accumulation of dirt and bacteria. In addition, it also has resistance to dirt and easy to clean, feet feel comfortable, variegated patterns, simple installation and replacement of terrazzo stone can not be compared. The strength of the body.
    百级手术室可选用防静电、抗菌、防火、耐磨的橡胶地板、淡黄色PVC地板;千级、万级手术室可选用米黄色水磨石板或人造石地板。但需求留意的是不管挑选橡胶地板或人造石地板以及水磨石地板,地上与墙体都要联成一体,成R40的圆弧阴角进行处理。
    Class 100 operating room can choose anti-static, antibacterial, fire-proof, wear-resistant rubber floor, light yellow PVC floor; Class 1000 operating room can choose Beige terrazzo or artificial stone floor. But the need to pay attention to is whether choose rubber floors or artificial stone floors and terrazzo floors, the ground and the wall should be integrated into one, into the R40 arc negative angle for processing.
    在笔直层流手术室,如选用地上或地沟回风,回风部位应选用块状活动隔栅地板;地上不宜设地漏,不然应有防室内透空气污染办法——如设置高位水封地漏。
    In a straight laminar flow operating room, if the ground or trench return air is selected, the return air should be blocked movable barrier floor; the ground leakage should not be set, otherwise there should be measures to prevent indoor air pollution - such as setting high water seal floor leakage.
    手术室装修
    2.墙面装饰
    2. wall decoration
    墙面装饰面层应选用硬度较高、全体性好、拼缝少、缝隙严密,具有保温、隔热功能装饰资料。近年来比较常见的有不锈钢板、铝合金板(为了防止夺目均应做成亚光面)、彩色钢板和其它复合型板材。墙面一般要求笔直地上,但也有专家主张,墙面可内倾3度,不仅可削减积尘,而且可使光线反射的视点有利于医护人员操作。
    Wall decorative surface should be selected with high hardness, good integrity, less joints, tight cracks, with heat preservation, insulation function decorative materials. In recent years, stainless steel plate, aluminum alloy plate (in order to prevent eye-catching should be made of matt), color steel plate and other composite profiles are more common. The wall generally requires a straight face, but some experts advocate that the wall can be inclined 3 degrees, not only can reduce dust, but also can make the light reflection point of view is conducive to the operation of medical personnel.
    拼缝处理选用密封胶,而且结合送、回风口、观察窗、嵌入式观片灯、消毒柜、开关接口以及墙上固定的器械柜、药品柜等将墙面组合成全体,尽量削减凸凹面和接缝。无菌区墙面可选用600×600mm淡绿色瓷砖一通到顶。踢脚板宜凹进墙面1cm,并与地上成为一体,阴角半径为40mm圆角。通道两边及转角处墙上应设二道防撞板。
    Sealant is used for joint treatment, and wall surface is combined with feeding, air return, observation window, embedded viewing lamp, disinfection cabinet, switch interface and fixing apparatus cabinet and medicine cabinet on the wall to reduce convex concave surface and joint as far as possible. 600 x 600mm pale green tiles can be used for aseptic wall. The skirting board should be concave into the wall 1cm and integrated into the ground, with a radius of 40mm fillet. Two bumper plates should be installed on both sides of the channel and on the corner wall.
    3.顶面装饰。
    3. top decoration.
    顶面装饰是洁净手术室装饰中的要点之一,可选用轻钢龙骨600×600mm乳白颜色钢净化板等大块体面板吊顶为宜,因为吊顶上风管等振荡影响较多,故主张操控振荡掉落比操控资料表面硬度更为重要。吊顶资料宜选用密封胶灌缝或用压条处理,使之构成全体防止上部空间尘埃经过缝隙污染气流。
    Top decoration is one of the key points in the decoration of clean operating room. It is advisable to use light steel keel 600 6550 Ceiling roof data should be treated with sealant grouting or pressing strip to prevent the upper space dust from polluting the air flow through the crack.
    别的还有一种硬吊顶的做法,即直接在钢筋混凝土楼板底面按洁净度要求进行装饰,较适合在层高较低的手术室中使用。在钢筋混凝土顶板下用硬塑料板贴面处理(在现浇钢筋混凝土楼板时,作为模板一次打入板底)。硬顶做法的特点是强度高,上人和装置检修均便利,但自严重,送风口和灯具在装置时需打孔。施工相对处理较为复杂,长处是不易改变,在做这种吊顶时留意防水尤为要害。洁净手术室的墙面与平顶、墙面与地上及不同的墙面与墙面相交处的阴(阳)角,宜做成小圆角结构(R≥50mm),以防止积尘,便利打扫。也有许多洁净手术室把墙面与平顶、墙面与墙面相交处用斜板方法衔接,更有利于削减积尘,消除气流涡流区,天花顶面无影灯为暗装,可为二级顶面,二级顶两边选用电动轨道,自动开合,尽可能削减污染。
    There is also a hard ceiling practice, that is, directly in the reinforced concrete floor bottom according to the cleanliness requirements for decoration, more suitable for use in the operating room with a lower floor height. Under the reinforced concrete roof with rigid plastic plate veneer treatment (in the cast-in-place reinforced concrete floor, as a template into the bottom of the board at one time). Hard roof method is characterized by high strength, easy maintenance of the upper and device, but since serious, the air supply outlet and lamps in the device need to be punched. Construction relative treatment is more complex, the advantages are not easy to change, in doing this ceiling pay attention to waterproof is particularly crucial. Clean operating room wall and flat roof, wall and ground and different wall and wall intersection of Yin (Yang) angle, should be made into small rounded structure (R < 50mm), to prevent dust, easy to clean. There are also many clean operating rooms to wall and flat roof, wall and wall intersection with the inclined plate method, more conducive to reducing dust, eliminate the flow of eddy area, ceiling shadowless lamp for the dark, can be used for the secondary roof, the two sides of the secondary roof electrically operated track, automatically open and close, as far as possible to reduce pollution.
    山东净之源净化工程有限公司,对手术室装修感兴趣的朋友可以关注我们http://www.moptuan.com,更多行业咨询,欢迎您的到来。
    Shandong Jingzhiyuan Purification Engineering Co., Ltd., the operating room decoration interested friends can pay attention to our http://www.moptuan.com, more industry consultation, welcome your arrival.

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